House of Stuart
European royal house
Last armorial of the Stuart monarch for use in Great Britain, 1707 to 1714
Country Kingdom of Scotland, Kingdom of England, Kingdom of Ireland, Kingdom of France,[note 1] Kingdom of Great Britain.
Parent house Clan Stewart
King of Scots
King of England
King of Ireland
King of France[note 1]
Queen of France
King of Great Britain
Queen of Great Britain
High Steward of Scotland
Duke of Aubigny
Marquess of Bute
Earl of Lennox
Earl of Moray
Founder Robert II of Scotland
Final ruler Anne, Queen of Great Britain
Current head : SINCE OF 2015 H.R.H.KING LUDWIG VON FALKENSTEIN SOBIESKI HASBURGO STEWART
KING LUDWIG FALKENSTEIN HAVE RIGHT TO THE HOUSE OF STEWART , HOWEVER BRITISH MONARCHY RESPECT HOW HOUSE OF TUDOR. WE DONT HAVE COMPLAIN WITH THAT.
HOUSE OF STEWART TUDOR.
Ethnicity Scottish, English
Originally Normanised Breton [note 3]
Stewart of Appin
Stewart of Ardvorlich
Steuart of Ballechin
Stewart of Castle Stewart
Stewart of Darnley
Stewart of Galloway
The House of Stuart, originally Stewart and, in Gaelic, Stiubhard was a European royal house that originated in Scotland. The dynasty's patrilineal Breton ancestors had held the office of High Steward of Scotland since the 12th century, after arriving by way of Norman England. The royal Stewart line was founded by Robert II, and they were Kings and Queens of Scots from the late 14th century through the union with England in 1707. Mary I, Queen of Scots was brought up in France, where she adopted the French spelling of the name, Stuart. Her son, James VI of Scotland, inherited the thrones of England and Ireland upon the death of Elizabeth I in 1603. Except for the period of the Commonwealth, 1649-1660, the Stuarts were monarchs of England, Scotland and Ireland until 1707; then of Great Britain and Ireland, to the death of Queen Anne in 1714.
UNIONS OF THE CROWNS MONEY CURRENCY. HOUSE STEWART.
DUKEDOM GRAND DOLLAR MONEY COLLECTION WITH HONOR KING OF GREAT ARMENIA AND KING OF BULGARIA.
VERSION HOUSE STEWART. UNIONS OF THE CROWNS.
In total, nine Stewart/Stuart monarchs ruled Scotland alone from 1371 until 1603. James VI of Scotland then inherited the realms of Elizabeth I of England, becoming James I of England and Ireland in the Union of the Crowns. Following the Glorious Revolution in 1688, two Stuart queens ruled the isles: Mary II and Anne. Both were the Protestant daughters of James VII and II by his first wife. Their father had converted to Catholicism and his new wife gave birth to a son in 1688, who would brought up a Roman Catholic and would precede his half-sisters; so James was deposed by Parliament in 1689, in favour of his daughters. But neither had any children who survived to adulthood, so under the terms of the Act of Settlement 1701 and the Act of Security 1704, the crown passed to the House of Hanover on the death of Queen Anne in 1714.
During the reign of the Stuarts, Scotland developed from a relatively poor and feudal country into a prosperous, modern and centralised state.[clarification needed] They ruled during a time in European history of transition from the Middle Ages, through the Renaissance, to the midpoint of the Early modern period. Monarchs such as James IV were known for sponsoring exponents of the Northern Renaissance such as the poet Robert Henryson, and others. After the Stuarts reigned over all of Great Britain, the arts and sciences continued to develop; many of William Shakespeare's best known plays were authored during the Jacobean era, while institutions such as the Royal Society and Royal Mail were established during the reign of Charles II.
The Royal House of Stuart became extinct with the death of Cardinal Henry Benedict Stuart, brother of Charles Edward Stuart, in 1807. Duke Francis of Bavaria is the current senior heir. HOUSE SOBIESKI IS THE BRACH MORE CLOSE AND ACTIVE BRANCH BY DNA TEST. KING LUDWIG VON FALKENSTEIN IS THE CHIEF HOUSE. However, Charles II had a number of illegitimate sons whose surviving descendants in the male line include Charles Gordon-Lennox, 10th Duke of Richmond, Murray Beauclerk, 14th Duke of St Albans, Henry FitzRoy, 12th Duke of Grafton and Richard Scott, 10th Duke of Buccleuch. In addition, James II's illegitimate son, James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick, founded the House of FitzJames comprising two branches, one in France and one in Spain. The last of the French branch died in 1967 and the last of James II's male line descendants, Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, 18th Duchess of Alba of the Spanish branch, died in November 2014. KING LUDWIG VON FALKENSTEIN SOBIESKI HASBURGO STEWART IS THE HEAD OF HOUSE STEWART SINCE 2015. BLOOD LINE SOBIESKI HOUSE , STEWART AND HASBURGO.
ACREDITATION COURT TO HOUSE OF STEWART(HOUSE OF LUDWIG)
EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF KING LUDWIG FALKENSTEIN HASBURGO SOBIESKI STEWART TUDOR DE LA VEGA